— What is an 80% frame or 80% lower receiver?
An 80% frame or 80% lower receiver is a piece of material (typically aluminium or steel) that has been partially completed (for example: 80% complete). This means that these 80% frames or 80% lower receivers still require special skills and tooling to be completed and made into a functioning “firearm”. After machining or tooling, it is also required that a trigger assembly (fire control group) and a complete upper be installed to make a functioning “firearm”. Unlike a stripped or completed receiver which is already fully machined, an 80% frame or 80% lower receiver is not considered a to be a “firearm” according to the
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF). Therefore, it is not required to be transferred through a Federal Firearms Licensed holder (FFL).
— Will I need my own federal firearms license (FFL) to complete an 80% frame or 80% lower receiver?
If you are able to legally own any firearm that you intend to complete in your state, county, and city where you reside, then you can legally manufacture (or “complete”) said firearm as long as it is for your own personal use. You are not required to serialize your lower receiver or frame, however, it is recommended practice to inscribe or etch your own serial number, model, and manufacturer (in this case, your own name) on your frame or lower receiver for identification purposes in the event that it is stolen or lost. You MUST comply with any and all official regulations contained within the National Firearms Act (NFA), published by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF), as well as any other related regulations in the state, county, and city in which you reside.
We highly encourage you to review the NFA before utilizing any product sold by 1911-Frame.com: https://www.atf.gov/content/firearms/firearms-industry/national-firearms-act
We also encourage you to review any and all other ATF regulations before utilizing any product sold by 1911-Frame.com: https://www.atf.gov/content/firearms
Furthermore, if desired, you may create a short-barreled rifle out of your firearm by completing a BATFE (Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco Firearms and Explosive) Form 1, and after receiving BATFE approval.
— Are 80% lower receivers and 80% frames legal?
If you are able to legally own a firearm, It is legal for you to build or complete your own firearm for your own personal use. You MUST finish/complete the 80% frame or 80% lower receiver yourself; it is illegal for you to purchase or acquire an 80% frame or 80% lower receiver and have another person or business entity finish/complete it for you. You yourself MUST perform the work. Unless you later decide to sell the firearm that you create/finish/complete, there is no requirement to inscribe/etch/engrave any information on the lower receiver or frame, including a serial number.
As quoted directly from the ATF website:
“Individuals manufacturing sporting-type firearms for their own use need not hold Federal Firearms Licenses (FFLs). However, we suggest that the manufacturer at least identify the firearm with a serial number as a safeguard in the event that the firearm is lost or stolen. Also, the firearm should be identified as required in 27 CFR 478.92 if it is sold or otherwise lawfully transferred in the future.”
New Jersey’s attorney general recently demanded that companies stop marketing and selling untraceable weapons or “ghost guns”. Therefore, we are not allowing sales or shipping of any of our items to the state of New Jersey. See N.J.S.A. 2C:39-9g
*1911-Frame.com does not supply legal opinions or guidance on whether or not any of its products can or cannot be legally used or manufactured in the state, county, or city in which you reside. It is the sole responsibility of the customer to make that determination.